Daniel Edward Long1

M, b. January 1893
     Daniel Edward Long was born in January 1893 at Texas.1 He was the son of Robert Wesley Long and Sarah E. Ritchie Ritchie.1


  1. [S2193] 1900 Federal Census, Hunt County, Texas. Microfilm Image, NARA Series T623, Roll 1647; FHL #1241647.

Daniel M. Long

M, b. 30 November 1852
     Daniel M. Long was born on 30 November 1852 at Washington Co., MD.1 He was the son of Rev. Emmanuel Long and Barbara Miller. Daniel M. Long married Alice Welty, daughter of Daniel Welty and Hester (?), on 29 August 1878.1 Daniel M. Long lived in 1926 at Nickerson, Reno Co., KS.1

Children of Daniel M. Long and Alice Welty


  1. [S82] Price Genealogy, 440.
  2. [S82] Price Genealogy, 441.

Rev. David Long

M, b. 29 January 1820, d. 23 January 1897
     Note: from Sidelights on Brethren History, by Freeman Ankrum, ©1962, The Brethren Press, Elgin, IL, pp. 109-116

David Long:
Civil War Preacher

The month was September, the day was Sunday the fourteenth, and the year was 1862. There was a haze over the distant mountain off to the east. The corn was ripening in the autumn sun. The leaves of the oaks and the maples in the nearby grove indicated the change of the season. The Cumberland Valley, always beautiful but never more so than in the lazy, hazy days of September and the following colorful days of October, lay bathed in beauty. From over the dirt roads, flanked by the split-rail fences, came people on horseback, on foot, and in carriages. Along the sunken road, soon to be baptized with blood as Bloody Lane, came the Mummas and others who lived east of the little church. Along the Hagerstown Pike to the north, and also from Sharpsburg on the south, came the worshipers.

It was a sober and thoughtful gathering, for the terrible war was coming closer. Over all there must have been a sense of impending tragedy. Yet little did they realize that within a relatively few hours this lovely spot would be the focal point of a bitter struggle and that they would be within the Confederate lines. On the ridges puffs of smoke could be seen. From time to time the boom of cannon could be heard. But no man could know what the morrow might bring.

The church to which these people came has been variously known as the Mumma church, the little white brick church, and the Antietam Dunker church. Located on a hill overlooking Sharpsburg as well as Antietam Creek, it was surrounded by sturdy trees. The main road from Hagerstown to Sharpsburg passed by on the east side of the structure.

The minister who was to bring the message that morning was Elder David Long. At that time he was in his prime, being forty-two years of age. Already he had won the respect not only of his parishioners but also of other people in his community and far beyond its borders. Elder Long lived some little distance northwest of the church.

That memorable Sunday he took his place, following the usual greetings of friends and fellow members, in the pulpit or, rather, behind the table, for the Brethren felt that all should occupy the same level in the services and did not place raised platforms in their church houses. The hymn was announced and lined, and the congregation sang it spiritedly. At the proper time the elder opened the historic and now-famous Bible, read a psalm, announced his text, and preached a fervent sermon.

Following the lingering good-byes, with which were mingled the expressed hopes of meeting again, the members went their separate ways to their own homes or to the homes of friends. Samuel Mumma, as was the custom of that day, had guests for the noonday meal at his home a short distance to the east of the church. In the afternoon some children who had been playing outdoors came running in and reported seeing smoke on South Mountain, not far east of the Mumma home. The battle of South Mountain was beginning. It is quite unlikely that the full import of what might lie ahead was realized by anyone. That afternoon, even as the Confederate lines were forming north of the Potomac, over a hundred people made their way to the commodious home of Elder Long, where they must have contemplated seriously the events of the day and the prospects for the future. The story of the happenings which centered around the little church has been told in the preceding chapter.

Elder Long’s grandfather, Isaac Long, who lived in the middle of the eighteenth century, adhered to the River Brethren faith. Though he had not been ordained, he loved to exhort. David’s father, Joseph Long, was a deacon and an influential leader among the Brethren. His mother was the former Nancy Rowland.

David Long, the subject of this chapter, was born in Washington County, Maryland, on January 29, 1820. In 1826, when the Annual Meeting was held in that county, Joseph took the six-year-old boy along with him. Being too young to be interested in the sessions, David spent much of his time playing with Mary Reichard, the daughter of Daniel and Catherine Reichard, on whose farm the Annual Meeting was held. This friendship eventuated in their marriage in 1841.

Even though David was an eager student he had few opportunities for securing an education. To a large extent he was self-taught. To ensure having a good vocabulary, he secured a dictionary and read it from cover to cover. By this means he learned to express his thoughts clearly.

The Longs took title to about two hundred acres of land; it was part of the Conococheague Manor, a tract owned by General Samuel Ringgold. Their home was like the average home of that day - built to accommodate both family and guests, for all of whom there was ample room. Many were the Brethren who were entertained in the Long home. During the battle of Antietam this house was within range of both armies; although the soldiers tramped over the farm, damaging it as they went, little damage was done to the house. One day a cannon ball penetrated the east wall of it. As this sketch is being written the owners of the Long farm are Mr. and Mrs. Charles Shaw.

David and Mary Long were the parents of twelve children, eleven of whom grew to manhood and womanhood. Of the six daughters, three married ministers; of the five Sons, four became ministers.

When David was twenty-three he was elected to the office of deacon. To the Brethren in those days this meant being a person of great promise, for they were slow to lay hands on those young in years. Having made good in this office, he was elected to the ministry when he was thirty. On the very day of his election his wife was at home at the point of death. Much sympathy was expressed to the young man who, many thought, would be left alone with his young family; Mary recovered, however, and lived to sustain and strengthen him in his new duties. In the course of time his home church, Manor, advanced him to the full ministry and he became the elder, or bishop, of what is now the Manor, Beaver Creek, and Hagerstown district. He was plain spoken, a skilled executive, and was trusted by all.

In the community as well as in the church he was held in respect and confidence. Many people entrusted their investments to him without requiring any papers. His word was as good as his bond. A man of more than average intelligence, he had a strong, active mind and a character conspicuous for uprightness and integrity.

In his church relationships he was a hard worker and was called upon from many quarters for advice and help. In fact, he gave of his time and his means so freely that his personal affairs suffered. When his estate was settled, the assets just canceled out the obligations against it. His day was that of the free ministry, when it seemed, in the thinking of most Brethren, that the minister must make the major sacrifices. One person remarked to the author that the minister barely eked out an existence while the deacons left farms to their children.

Elder Long traveled over much of the East in connection with his ministerial duties, largely at his own expense. His expense accounts for attending Annual Conferences - he did receive some financial help when attending them - were always small, for he traveled in the most economical manner. He preached many funerals, stopping his own work to do it. He likely married more couples than anyone else in the community did. It was his custom to hand to the bride the fee given to him. One young man heard of this, and, desiring to impress his bride, gave Elder Long a ten-dollar bill. This was the last one he had, but he expected it to come back. However, this happened to be a time when the elder found that his expenses were greater than his income and, much to the chagrin of the young man, he kept the fee.

His life was a contribution to his fellow men. Like many of the ministers of his day, he sincerely felt that the minister should take nothing for his labors. The story is told that he went once to a Midwestern state to conduct an evangelistic meeting. After a few nights of preaching, one of the men who had been attending the services came to him and said:

"Don't you take any offerings?"

"No," said Elder Long. "The gospel is free."

'I pay for my tobacco and my liquor and I am ready to pay for my preaching. Take this money," the man replied. This was the only remuneration received for either his expenses or his services on that trip.

One writer of that far-off day said of him: "In his connection with the church, Bishop Long was an acknowledged leader in this state and was one of the strongest pillars of the church organization. For many years he represented his people at the annual conferences of the church, and he exerted a deep influence upon the church throughout the country. He has gone to Pennsylvania and the Western states as a delegate in his church so often that he became one of the most widely known men of his day in the church. He indelibly impressed his earnest convictions upon the ministry and the laity and defended the tenets and customs of the church in a forcible manner which has done much to preserve and identify the Dunkard church throughout the country, which is a strong and vigorous denomination."

Professor J. M. Henry, of Bridgewater, Virginia, wrote of Elder Long: "His ministry had great influence. He preached at many mission points, served on important committees of Annual Meeting, conducted many funerals, performed more marriage ceremonies than any [other] man of his community, lived an active, busy life in his own congregation. He was a man of dominant personality, commanding in appearance, and very serious minded.

"His work has been evaluated both critically and appreciatively. He was austere in church discipline, but kind hearted in disposition. He made some enemies by his straightforwardness but won a host of friends by his piety. His uncompromising attitude during the declining years of his ministry crippled his usefulness, yet friend and foe believed in his sincerity."

When the Annual Conference of 1880 was held in Hagerstown, Elder Long had charge of the arrangements. He showed remarkable ability and a mastery of details which won for him the praise of many and contributed largely to the success of the Conference.

Living on the border between the free and the slave states, he nevertheless made his position on slavery clear to all. One day in attending a slave auction he bought all the slaves and set them free. In his attitude toward slavery he reflected accurately the position of the Brethren. The methods of John Brown and the methods of the Brethren, all aimed at the same end, were entirely opposites. In the war that came about in part because of slavery the Brethren were loyal to their government but opposed war as a means of achieving righteous goals.

Denied the education he craved for himself, David Long aided his children in every way possible to secure educations. One son, D. Milton, was known as a "bookworm" and liked nothing better than "having his nose in a book." In this tendency he was encouraged by his father.

A privately owned and conducted school had been opened in Hagerstown in 1878 by Thomas and Rebecca Cochran. Having a small patronage and in time being offered for sale, it was purchased by David Long and his son Melvin for twenty-nine hundred dollars. Melvin Long became the principal of the school, which was renamed Linden Seminary. The highest enrollment during the period of operation being only seventy-four students, the seminary was discontinued after a number of years.

But the relentless press of time sweeps all before it, and on January 23, 1897, Maryland s well-known Civil War preacher went to be with his fathers. Had he lived until Friday of the next week he would have attained the age of seventy-seven. He was active and vigorous until within a few days of his passing, when he became ill with pneumonia contracted while trying to reach one of his preaching appointments during very adverse weather. His wife, widely and affectionately known as Aunt Mary Long, had died about eight years earlier.

The oak grove surrounding the church where David Long preached that September morning in 1862 was plowed and scarred by cannon shot and is now gone. The old rail fences along the Hagerstown Pike are no longer there. The old church is gone, with nothing remaining but the hilltop and the foundation. Other buildings have been erected where the Mumma farm buildings were burned. The soil enriched by the blood of the nation’s young men produces in abundance. The sunken road, now Bloody Lane, is viewed casually by the rapidly passing traveler. The sun which once glistened upon flashing arms now glistens upon countless monuments erected to the memory of the men who wore the blue and the gray of a century ago. The fields which echoed to the feet of marching men and galloping horses are now echoing to the exhausts of farm tractors. The hills which once gave back the echo of the cannons roar and the sharp crack of the rifles now give forth the sounds of industry and peace.

Elder David Long, veteran and effective preacher of the gospel of Jesus Christ as it was understood by the Brethren, is likewise gone. But the principles and the spiritual undergirding of life for which he stood are as virile and as timely as ever and will so remain, for the truth of God is unchangeable.

Rev. David Long was born on 29 January 1820 at Washington Co., MD. He was the son of Joseph Long and Ann Rowland. Rev. David Long married Mary Reichard, daughter of Rev. Daniel Reichard and Catharine Balsbaugh, on 25 October 1841 at Washington Co., MD. Rev. David Long died on 23 January 1897 at age 76.

Children of Rev. David Long and Mary Reichard


  1. [S870] 1860 Federal Census, Washington County, Maryland. Microfilm Image, NARA Series M653, Roll 483; FHL #803483.

David Allen Long1

M, b. 19 March 1820, d. 17 December 1902
     David Allen Long was born on 19 March 1820 at Guernsey Co., OH.1 He married Catharine A. Brill on 9 January 1845 at Quaker City, Guernsey Co., OH. David Allen Long died on 17 December 1902 at Quaker City, Guernsey Co., OH, at age 82. He was buried in December 1902 at Greenlawn Cemetery, Quaker City, Guernsey Co., OH, Findagrave #145557344.

Child of David Allen Long and Catharine A. Brill


  1. [S11] 1870 Federal Census, Noble County, Ohio. Microfilm, NARA Series M593, Roll 1252 FHL #552751.

David Daniel Long

M, b. 7 December 1887, d. 2 December 1961
     David Daniel Long was born on 7 December 1887 at Pennsylvania. He was the son of Joseph Allen Long and Mary Jane Bucher. David Daniel Long died on 2 December 1961 at Atlanta, Fulton Co., GA, at age 73.

David L. Long1

M, b. circa 1872
     David L. Long was born circa 1872 at Washington Co. (probably), MD.1 He was the son of Joseph R. Long and Elizabeth (?)1


  1. [S892] 1880 Federal Census, Washington County, Maryland. Microfilm Image, NARA Series T9, Roll 516, FHL #1254516.

David P. Long

M, b. circa 1860
     David P. Long was born circa 1860 at Harrison Co., IN.1 He was the son of Levi Long and Sarah Jane Windell.


  1. [S237] 1870 Federal Census, Harrison County, Indiana. Microfilm Image, NARA Series M593, Roll 321; FHL #545820.

David Peter Long

M, b. 16 July 1856, d. 27 February 1940
     David Peter Long was born on 16 July 1856 at Wabash Co., IN. He married Sarah Frantz. David Peter Long died on 27 February 1940 at Rossville, Clinton Co., IN, at age 83 Obituary (findagrave.com):

David Long, 83, retired Clay township farmer died at the home of his son, Andrew, in Rossville Tuesday night. Mr. Long had been a resident of the Pyrmont community all his life. He had been in ill health about two months.

Seven children survive: Henry and Ira of California; Charles and Bernie of Pendleton; Mrs. Ida Disinger of Pyrmont and Mrs. Henry Reavis Rossville and Andrew.

Funeral rites will be Friday morning at 10 o’clock from the German Baptist Church in Pyrmont, with burial in the church cemetery.

Delphi Citizen February 29, 1940.

He was buried in March 1940 at North Fork Cemetery, Pyrmont, Carroll Co., IN, Find A Grave Memorial# 96909467.

Child of David Peter Long and Sarah Frantz

David Victor Long

M, b. 17 May 1857, d. 23 May 1951
     David Victor Long was born on 17 May 1857 at Fairplay, Washington Co., MD.1 He was the son of Rev. David Long and Mary Reichard.1 David Victor Long died on 23 May 1951 at Boonsboro, Washington Co., MD, at age 94.


  1. [S870] 1860 Federal Census, Washington County, Maryland. Microfilm Image, NARA Series M653, Roll 483; FHL #803483.

David W. Long1

M, b. 21 February 1905
     David W. Long was born on 21 February 1905.1 He was the son of Elmer Ellsworth Long and Rebecca Wolf.1


  1. [S82] Price Genealogy, 598.

Della C. Long1

F, b. 10 March 1903
     Della C. Long was born on 10 March 1903.1 She was the daughter of Elmer Ellsworth Long and Rebecca Wolf.1


  1. [S82] Price Genealogy, 598.

Delora Blanche Long1

F, b. April 1888, d. 20 August 1970
     Delora Blanche Long was born in April 1888 at Noble Co., OH.1 She was the daughter of John H. Long and Amanda M. Wyscarver.1 Delora Blanche Long married Stanley F. Watson, son of David Watson and Mary E. (?). Delora Blanche Long lived in January 1920 at Seneca Twp., Noble Co., OH.2 She died on 20 August 1970 at Zanesville, Muskingum Co., OH, at age 82. She was buried in August 1970 at Friends Cemetery, Quaker City, Guernsey Co., OH, Findagrave #35163001.

Children of Delora Blanche Long and Stanley F. Watson


  1. [S16] 1900 Federal Census, Noble County, Ohio. Microfilm Image, NARA Series T623, Roll 1311; FHL #1241311.
  2. [S370] 1920 Federal Census, Noble County, Ohio. Microfilm Image, Series T625, Roll 1424.
  3. [S1605] 1930 Federal Census, Noble County, Ohio. Microfilm Image, NARA Series T626, Roll 1859; FHL #2341593.

Dora Long1,2

F, b. May 1877
     Dora Long was born in May 1877 at Ohio.3,2 She was the daughter of William Long and Mary A. (?)3,1 Dora Long married David Adam Garringer, son of Thomas Benton Garringer and Melissa Anna Catherina Parrett, circa 1894 at Fayette Co. (probably), OH, eight children born, five living as of 1910 census (one had died before the 1900 census.)3,2

Children of Dora Long and David Adam Garringer


  1. [S566] 1880 Federal Census, Fayette County, Ohio. Microfilm Image, NARA Series T9, Rolls 1013-14; FHL #1255013-14.
  2. [S1609] 1910 Federal Census, Fayette County, Ohio. Microfilm Image, NARA Series T624, Roll 1179; FHL #1375192.
  3. [S263] 1900 Federal Census, Fayette County, Ohio. Microfilm Image, NARA Series T623, Roll 1266; FHL #1241266.
  4. [S1607] 1920 Federal Census, Fayette County, Ohio. Microfilm Image, NARA Series T625, Roll 1379.

Edna Cora Long

F, b. September 1863, d. 1940
     Edna Cora Long was born in September 1863. She was the daughter of Andrew Friedley Long and Ann Maria Wallace. Edna Cora Long married Daniel H. Newcomer, son of Cyrus Barr Newcomer and Elizabeth Hause, on 10 January 1884 at Ogle Co., IL. Edna Cora Long died in 1940 at Mt. Morris, Ogle Co., IL.

Edward D. Long

M, b. 10 January 1887, d. 7 May 1904
     Edward D. Long was born on 10 January 1887 at Washington Co., MD. He was the son of Isaac S. Long and Esther Estella Hagerman. Edward D. Long died on 7 May 1904 at Washington Co., MD, at age 17. He was buried in May 1904 at Manor Church of the Brethren Cemetery, Tilghmanton, Washington Co., MD, Findagrave #58184002.

Elisabeth Long

     Elisabeth Long was the daughter of Herman Lang and Anna Hershey. Elisabeth Long married Abraham Hostetter, son of Jacob Hostetter and Anna Kreider.

Eliza Catherine Long1

F, b. 1847, d. 1895
     Eliza Catherine Long was born in 1847 at Beaver Twp. (probably), Guernsey (now Noble) Co., OH.1 She was the daughter of Samuel Long and Ruhanna Dollison.1 Eliza Catherine Long died in 1895 at Guernsey Co., OH. She was buried in 1895 at Salesville Hill United Brethren Cemetery, Salesville, Guernsey Co., OH, Findagrave #125129601.


  1. [S9] 1860 Federal Census, Noble County, Ohio. Microfilm Image, NARA Series M653, Roll 1020; FHL #805020.

Elizabeth Long

F, b. 1 October 1790
     Elizabeth Long was born on 1 October 1790 at York Co., PA. She was the daughter of Samuel Lang and Mary Margaret DeWald.

Elizabeth Long

     Elizabeth Long was the daughter of Benjamin F. Long and Cora Ann Fetzer.

Elizabeth Long

F, b. 24 October 1812, d. 24 April 1814
     Elizabeth Long was born on 24 October 1812 at Washington Co., MD. She was the daughter of Jacob Long and Catherine Friedley. Elizabeth Long died on 24 April 1814 at Washington Co., MD, at age 1.

Elizabeth Long

F, b. 7 August 1794, d. 7 September 1862
     Elizabeth Long was born on 7 August 1794 at Washington Co., MD. She was the daughter of Isaac Long and Elizabeth Zug. Elizabeth Long married Nathaniel Slifer, son of John Slifer and Catherine Brown. Elizabeth Long died on 7 September 1862 at age 68.

Child of Elizabeth Long and Nathaniel Slifer

Elizabeth Long

F, b. 8 March 1845, d. 15 November 1929
     Elizabeth Long was born on 8 March 1845 at Williamsport, Washington Co., MD. She was the daughter of Nathaniel H. Long and Catherine Butterbaugh. Elizabeth Long married Charles Grafton Downs on 5 May 1863 at Washington Co., MD. Elizabeth Long died on 15 November 1929 at Downsville, Washington Co., MD, at age 84.

Elizabeth Long1

F, b. 20 April 1824, d. 17 June 1891
     Note: Reviewing the 1840 census of Harrison County, there were eight Long households. Of those, only one had females in the 15 - 19 age range, that being Robert Long of Washington Twp., aged 50 - 59. In 1840, all the Windle families were in either Harrison or Heth Townships. In 1850, the William and Elizabeth (Long) Windell family lived immediately adjacent to Robert Long, age 66, in Washington Twp. Therefore it seems highly probable that Elizabeth Long who married William Windell in 1845 was the daughter of Robert Long, born 1784 in Virginia, died 1856 at New Amsterdam. Her son William T. Windell's marriage license (indexed) shows her surname "Lone", and while there was a Lone family in Harrison County, I cannot find any evidence of an Elizabeth Lone in the correct age range. DLB 2015.

Elizabeth Long was born on 20 April 1824 at Harrison Co. (probably), IN.2,1,3 She was the daughter of Robert Long and Rhoda Martin.2 Elizabeth Long married William Windell, son of Anthony Windell and Elizabeth Cunningham, on 14 August 1845 at Harrison Co., IN.1 Elizabeth Long died on 17 June 1891 at Harrison Co., IN, at age 67. She was buried in June 1891 at Wesley Chapel United Methodist Cemetery, Mauckport, Harrison Co., IN, Find A Grave Memorial# 142377930.

Children of Elizabeth Long and William Windell


  1. [S238] 1860 Federal Census, Harrison County, Indiana. Microfilm Image, NARA Series M653, Roll 264; FHL #803264.
  2. [S448] 1850 Federal Census, Harrison County, Indiana. Microfilm Image, NARA Series M432, Roll 149.
  3. [S237] 1870 Federal Census, Harrison County, Indiana. Microfilm Image, NARA Series M593, Roll 321; FHL #545820.
  4. [S239] 1880 Federal Census, Harrison County, Indiana. Microfilm Image, NARA Series T9, Roll 0283; FHL #1254283.

Elizabeth Long1

F, b. 26 August 1901
     Elizabeth Long was born on 26 August 1901.1 She was the daughter of Elmer Ellsworth Long and Rebecca Wolf.1 Elizabeth Long married Melvia E. Reynolds on 16 September 1922.1


  1. [S82] Price Genealogy, 598.

Elizabeth Long1

F, b. circa 1836
     Elizabeth Long was born circa 1836 at Washington Co., MD.1 She was the daughter of Joseph Long and Ann Rowland.1


  1. [S934] 1850 Federal Census, Washington County, Maryland. Microfilm Image, Series M432, Roll 298.

Elizabeth A. Long1

F, b. 1837, d. 1916
     Elizabeth A. Long was born in 1837 at Ohio.1 She married Abraham Carver.1 Elizabeth A. Long died in 1916.

Children of Elizabeth A. Long and Abraham Carver


  1. [S841] 1870 Federal Census, Licking County, Ohio. Microfilm Image, NARA Series M593, Roll 1233, FHL #552732.

Elizabeth Anabelle Long1

F, b. 1859, d. April 1894
     Elizabeth Anabelle Long was born in 1859 at Harrison Twp., Harrison Co., IN, her headstone shows 1862 but she is listed on the 1860 census, age one year.1 She was the daughter of Jesse L. Long and Malinda Windell.1 Elizabeth Anabelle Long married Michael Samples, son of James Samples and Sarah Clark. Elizabeth Anabelle Long lived on 1 March 1885 at Montana, Labette Co., KS. She died in April 1894. She was buried in 1894 at Sherman City Cemetery, Sherman, Cherokee Co., KS, Findagave #15702998. Her grave is unmarked, her name and dates are engraved on a headstone shared with husband Michael and sons Frank and Charles, and Charles' wife Cora Rutledge.

Children of Elizabeth Anabelle Long and Michael Samples


  1. [S238] 1860 Federal Census, Harrison County, Indiana. Microfilm Image, NARA Series M653, Roll 264; FHL #803264.

Ella Long1

     Ella Long married Jacob Richard.1

Child of Ella Long and Jacob Richard


  1. [S82] Price Genealogy, p.114.

Ellen Long1

F, b. circa 1842
     Ellen Long was born circa 1842 at Washington Co., MD.1 She was the daughter of Rev. David Long and Mary Reichard.1


  1. [S870] 1860 Federal Census, Washington County, Maryland. Microfilm Image, NARA Series M653, Roll 483; FHL #803483.

Ellen E. Long1,2

F, b. July 1866, d. before April 1940
     Ellen E. Long was born in July 1866 at Iowa.2 She was the daughter of Aaron Martin Long and Elizabeth Ann Barkley.1,3 Ellen E. Long married Fred Lee circa 1886.2 Ellen E. Long died before April 1940.2

Child of Ellen E. Long and Fred Lee


  1. [S1232] 1880 Federal Census, Marshall County, Iowa. Microfilm Image, NARA Series T9, Roll 355; FHL #1254355.
  2. [S2304] 1900 Federal Census, Knox County, Nebraska. Microfilm Image, NARA Series T623, Roll 932; FHL #1240932.
  3. [S2305] 1860 Federal Census, Buchanan County, Iowa. Microfilm Image, NARA Series M653, Roll 313; FHL #803313.